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Skin Diseases & STD

Skin Diseases/ Skin Problems 


CHRONIC SKIN DISEASES

INFECTIONS

  • Bacterial   Boils
  • Fungal

    • Ring worm
    • Athlete's Foot
    • Fungal Nail Infection

  • Viral

    • Chicken Pox
    • Herpes Zoster
    • Herpes Labialis
    • Warts
    • Molluscum contagiosum

ACUTE SKIN DISEASES

  • Urticaria/  Hives
  • Itching
  • Sunburn
  • Rashes

SKIN DISCOLORATION

  • Moles, Freckles
  • Vitiligo
  • Birthmarks
 
What is Eczema/ Dermatitis?

Its term for group of medical conditions that cause skin to become inflamed or irritated.

Most common type is Atopic eczema

Most of the people experience symptoms on and off throughout the life. The disease cannot be cured but can be controlled with proper treatment.

 
What are symptoms of Eczema?

  • Itching
  • Rash-commonly effects  face, neck, back of knees and arms. Can spread to whole body.
  • Skin becomes dry, thickened and scaly
  • Pigmentation in dark skin type

What causes Eczema?

The exact cause of eczema is unknown. It is thought to be an overactive response of the body's immune system to an irritant. It is this response that causes symptoms of eczema.

Commonly found in families with history of allergies or asthma.


How is Eczema treated?

Goal of treatment for eczema is to relieve and prevent itching.

  • Lotions and creams to keep skin moist, these should be applied when the skin is damp.
  • Cold compresses
  • Topical steroid creams
  • Oral steroids
  • Phototherapy

How can eczema flares be prevented?

  • Moisturize frequently
  • Avoid sudden changes in temperature
  • Avoid sweating
  • Reduce stress
  • Avoid wool
  • Avoid harsh soaps and detergents
  • Be aware of the foods that aggravate your problem

Quick facts about eczema

  • Eczema is not contagious
  • Eczema runs in families
  • Eczema is not an allergic reaction.

Triggers in Eczema
Trigger does not cause eczema, but can make it worse.

  • Wool
  • Soaps and cleansers
  • Makeup
  • Dust and sand
  • Irritants in environment
  • Cold, flu
  • Allergic reaction to mold, pollen
  • Stress
  • Hot showers
  • Not using lubricant after bath
  • Winter
 
What is Rosacea?

rosacea2


  • Rosacea or acne rosacea  is a chronic skin disease characterised by  redness and pimple-like skin lesions over face.
  • Rosacea  effects central face- cheeks, nose and forehead.
  • It causes Blushing of face, spider-like blood vessels on the face and burning or stinging feeling.

Trigger factors for Acne Rosacea

  • Exposure to temperature extremes
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Sun exposure
  • Stress, anxiety
  • Cold wind
  • Moving to warm environment from cold one as heated shops and offices in winters
  • Food and drinks

    • Alcohol
    • Hot Tea and Coffee- Caffeine rich
    • Spicy food
    • Red wine, Beer, Yogurt- Histamine rich